Lahemaa National Park is one of four such parks, inhabited for an estimated 4,000 years, but also including areas untouched by human hand.

The national park is home to around fifty species of mammals, more than two hundred species of birds and some twenty species of fish. Such carnivores as the wolf, the lynx and the brown bear, rare in Western and Central Europe, are represented here.

Apart from its forests, beaches, marshes and moorland, Lahemaa also enjoys a rich archaeological history and has many historical buildings. Four of these typically Baltic buildings remain today: Palmse, Sagadi, Kolga and Vihula. Palmse, with its Baroque, and Sagadi, with its Rococo influences (both late 18th century), are among the indisputably finest manor houses extant today.

Any visitor with a little more time to spend can follow the long coastline. Places of note include the sea captains' village Käsmu, and Altja, the best preserved fisherman's village.